Kota Malang is located about 440 - 667 above the sea level in height and circled by number of mountains:
Arjuno Mountain in the north side
Tengger Mountain in the east side
Kawi Mountain in the west side
Kelud Mountain in the south side
Having cool and fresh air also sometimes dry, rainfall about 1.833 mm per year and air humidity about 72% (the highest temperature is C 32,2 and the lowest is about C 24,13 on July to August).
There are 4 kinds of soil in Malang:
Dark grey alluvial about 6,930,267 Ha.
Brown mediteran about 1.225.160 Ha.
Association of brown reddish latosol about 1.942.160 Ha.
Association of brown and grey humus about 1.765,160 Ha
Soil structure is relatively well-structured, but which needs to be noted more is the usage of andosol soil that is sensitive to landslide. This soil is located in Lowokwaru Sub District with the deviation 15 %.
Each province of East Java is located between 7 degrees 12' and 8 degrees 48' South latitude and stretches from 110 degrees 52' to 114 degrees 42' East longitude.
East Java, like the other parts of the Indonesian archipelago, has the same climate: a tropical climate with two famous seasons: rainy season (October-April) and dry seasons (May - September). The average temperature is between 20-30 degrees Celcius (about 75-95 degrees Farenheit). It is sunny in East Java: 70% - 80% of the year in the northern area, 60% - 70% in the central area and about 60% of the year in the mountains.
According to the records from the Department of Meteorology, the air temperature ranges from 19.8 degrees - 36.0 degrees Celcius. The lowest temperature takes place in July whereas the highest temperature takes place in November. Based on the Schmidt and Ferguson's classification system, most of the regions in East Java posses a D-type climate.
Most regions in East Java are irrigated by rivers. The rivers have many purposes such as: irrigation, fishery, reservoir, electric plant, transportation, tourist attraction, etc. Besides the river, there are some factors which support hydrology such as: swamps, crater lakes, lakes, reservoirs, water sources, and underground water.